History of West Bengal
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West Bengal is a rich state in every sense of the word and it possesses a great history too. This Indian state possesses a glorious past and has played a vital role in the history of the nation. Many famous people in the history can be associated with West Bengal and these people not only enlightened the country but the entire world with their works in various fields. Prosperity and beauty can be found in every nook and corner of this state.
The early history of this state is a bit unclear until third century BC when Bengal became a part of Mauryan Empire which was taken on by the great emperor Ashoka. When the Mauryan Empire lost its glory anarchy system was back and Bengal was included in Gupta Empire and after some time Pala Dynasty took over control in Bengal. From 13th century till mid of 18th century the Muslims ruled Bengal and then came the British. The famous battle of Plassey took place in 1757 in which overcame the nawab of that time. Warren Hastings became the first ever British Governor General in Bengal and it was in 1773.
Bengal was an active participant in the war for freedom against the British rule and it was divided on religious grounds by British in 1905 but the partition ended in 1911 only to happen again at the time of independence in 1947. Bengal was divided into modern day Bangladesh and West Bengal.
West Bengal suffered from serious Naxalite-Marxist strikes between 1970 and 1980 and the major reason was lack of power. United Front was established after independence in 1967 and after general election Ajoy Mukherjee who belonged to Bangla Congress became the Chief Minister of the state. The politics of the state witnessed a major change in the year 1977 when Left Front won assemble election and overcame Indian National Congress.
West Bengal got a new Chief Minister in the year 2000, Buddhadeb Bhattacharya who remained in power from 2000 till 2011. Throughout the history Bengal has faced many ups and downs and today it is one of the fast developing states of India.
In 2011 Assembly Election, Mamata Banerjee-led Trinamool Congress and the Indian National Congress witnessed a huge win which saw the end of the Communist rule in Bengal after 34 years. West Bengal also eventually received its first woman chief minister. Smt.Mamata Banerjee has always believed in being a grass root leader and has taken responsibility on a number of sensitive issues that had been leaving the state divided.
Relevance of Name
The name Bengal or “Bangla” is derived from the ancient kingdom of Vanga or Banga. It is referred in the early Sanskrit literature. The British, however called it Bengal, and this name came to denote the entire linguistic region.
The term West Bengal came only after the partition of Bengal province in 1905, when the administration made two separate provinces of West and East Bengal. The latter, after a period as East Pakistan (1955 - 1971), became the present country of Bangladesh.