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Purulia District : West Bengal

About the District

This district is encircled by Bankura, Midnapore and Burdwan district of West Bengal and Hazaribag, Singbhum, Dhanbad, Ranchi, Jamshedpur and Bokaro of Jharkhand state.

The district is characterized by undulating topography with rugged hilly terrains in the western and southern parts. General elevation of the land surface ranges from 150 m to 300 m, the master slope being towards the east and south-east. In the eastern and south-eastern part of the district the slope ranges between 10 to 20 m/km. In the central part of the district the slope in less than 10m/km and forms a depression. Again in the western part the slope is higher and ranges from 20-80m/km.


Rainfall characterizes the climate of the district. South west monsoon is the principal source of rainfall in the district. Average annual rainfall varies between 1100 and 1500 mm. The relative humidity is high in monsoon season, being 75% to 85%. But in hot summer it comes down to 25% to 35%. Temperature varies over a wide range from 7 degree Celsius in winter to 46.80 degree Celsius in the summer.


The main rivers passing through or bordering the district are Kangsabati, Kumari, Darakeswar, Subarnarekha due to undulated topography nearly 50% of the rainfall flows away as run off. The district is covered by mostly residual soils formed by weathering of bed rocks. Rupnarayan (Kangsabati/Kansai) river rises as the Dhaleswari (Dhalkisor) in the Chota Nagpur plateau foothills northeast of Purulia town and follows a tortuous southeasterly course past the town of Bankura, where it is known as the Dwarkeswar. It is joined by the Silai near the town of Ghatal, where it takes the name Rupnarayan. The river then joins the Hooghly after completing a 150-mile (240-kilometre) course. The Rupnarayan originally formed a western exit of the Ganges and is important for its irrigation potential. It is tidal through its entire course and constitutes a principal danger to navigation of the Hooghly because it forces that river to deposit silt upon dangerous shoals.


Paradoxical, though, it may sound that this industrially backward district is endowed with mineral resources of a wide range of varieties. According to the findings of GSI there are ten types of mineral deposits in this district. The main ones being Coal, Limestone, Rock Phosphate, China Clay, Quartz etc.

The main mineral resource of the district is Coal. The Purulia district sustained two big Collieries. One is at Ranipur and the other is at Parbelia. Other Coal mines are Deoli and Bhamuria. Other important minerals so far explored and reported are Apatite or Rock Phosphate of Beldi,Panrkidi etc, Limestone of Jhalda, Basemetal of Tamakhun, China clay of Mahatomara, Fire clay of Malti, Quartz of mirmi, Siliminate of Paharpur, Decorative Stone of Bero, Dhunia etc.


Banda, Cheliama, Deulghat, Pakbirra, Suissa, Para, Baghmundi, Birinchinath, Budhpur, Charra, Ganpur, Telkupi

Facts & Figures

Area6259 sq. kms.
Latitude22.60 to 23.50 N
Longitude85.75 to 86.65 E
Population (2001)2536516
Population density405 Per Sq. K.M.
Sex Ratio954
No. of Sub-Division3
No. of Blocks20
No. of Villages2459
Average rainfall1100 to 1500 mm.
STD Code3252

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